Rottweilers are one of the country’s most loved and popular dogs, both for work and play. The Rottweiler makes for an excellent guard dog and even a good service dog for the blind and disabled. Apart from that, they are also good family dogs due to their protective traits.
However, many dog owners do not have space for a big rottweiler, so opting for a miniature rottweiler can be a perfect choice.
What Is a Miniature Rottweiler?
It is not uncommon to have mini versions of popular breeds, so the rottweiler mixture is not unusual. As the name suggests, a miniature rottweiler is a smaller version of the rottweiler breed. This can come from a dwarf rottweiler or a smaller breed mixed with a rottweiler.
It is perfect to have a mini rottweiler if you cannot commit to a giant breed, as the adult Rottie can take up a lot of space around the house. They also require considerable effort on the part of their owners.
Mini Rottweiler Appearance
A mini rottweiler can either be purebred or a mixed breed. This causes them to appear different from each other. They tend to be small in size, weighing up to 30 pounds at most. These dogs usually have black fur with tan markings on their faces and bodies.
These tan marks can be commonly seen on the chest or the legs. These dogs have nice fur that is exceptionally smooth and shiny, along with floppy ears, all of which are desirable features to dog owners.
The Process of Breeding a Mini Rottweiler
Before discussing the different mini rottweiler breeds, you should know that they are not recognized as an official breed by the American Kennel Club. This is why you will not find a lot of official information about the smaller breed.
The dwarfism gene is responsible for stunted growth in a dog. Most dogs with the dwarfism gene have limbs that are shorter than other dogs in their bloodline. As a result, they look like mini versions of their breeds. Breeds that naturally have this gene include Dachshunds and Corgis, so they are tiny in size.
A mini rottweiler born with the dwarfism gene has smaller legs, which adds to their cuteness, but they are at higher risk of health problems due to the diminutive bone structure. Since a rottweiler breed is naturally bulky, a mini rottweiler will have underdeveloped bones, which can cause health problems in the future.
Breeding Runts Together
Just as with kittens, puppies are also born in groups; most often, there is one pup that is much smaller than the rest of the litter. In terms of health, runts are the weakest of the lot. This is because their bodies do not develop properly, and they have a weak immune system. A rottweiler runt will have a smaller build than other members of its litter.
Mixing Rottweilers with Other Small Breeds
Crossbreeding is the most common method of increasing the number of mini rottweilers today. This is where a smaller dog is bred with a rottweiler. Rottweilers are commonly bred with the Beagle, Poodle, and even Chihuahuas. These kinds of mini rottweilers are the healthiest dogs, as opposed to the first two types.
Does a Mini Rottweiler Make a Good Family Dog?
As guard dogs, rottweilers are prevalent because of their protective nature. But underneath that intimidating exterior is a very playful dog who would love to be with its owner. A mini rottie tends to have a loving nature and is much easier to control and train. They are incredibly loyal and alert.
Regardless of its size, the mini Rottie would want to protect its owners from any dangers or threats. They also will scare away any intruders and unwanted strangers in your home. This makes the mini rottweiler a great choice for families, and if you spend time with them, they will quickly develop a bond with you.
Training them is critical as puppies so they can learn to follow commands from you. You can teach them to go from playful to protective when you want. These mini rottweilers are also highly energetic in terms of energy, and they love playtime with their owners.
On average, rottweilers have a lifespan of up to nine years, similar to the mini rottie. But one that has the dwarfism gene might have a shorter lifespan due to a number of complicated health issues.
Are They Healthy?
Undoubtedly, a mini rottweiler comes with a lot of health issues. However, crossbreeding can mitigate some of these health problems. Some of the common health problems include cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, and achondroplasia.
A cataract is an eye disorder often found in mini rottweilers, which can block their vision, and this can often require surgery to be treated. Progressive retinal atrophy is where the dog’s retina gets weaker as they age. This makes it difficult for them to see at night.
Lastly, achondroplasia is a disease that causes abnormal bone development in dogs. This is not common, but it can be present in mini rottweilers. Mini rottweilers can also have problems in their hip joints, which causes a limp.
Food and Diet
You need to keep nutrition in mind when feeding your mini rottweiler. Their total diet must include at least 28% protein in a day, because they have a smaller build but expend large amounts of energy. Protein increases bone development and provides much-needed energy for the dogs.
You need to monitor their eating habits, as these dogs are known to overeat and gain weight. This can cause bloating and obesity, which leads to additional health problems in the future.
Since these dogs have vast energy reserves, they need adequate amounts of playtime and exercise to remain fit. Owing to their small size, they don’t need a lot of space to move around. Ideally, you should take them for a walk and to play every day for at least 30 minutes.
Grooming is extremely important for your pet dog. Mini rottweilers have thick fur that needs to be brushed regularly. Once a month, they will also require a bath. They will also need their nails trimmed time and again.
Mini rottweilers make for a great family pet. Adoption is generally a preferred choice as you will bring home a pet that has been left out. If you can find a puppy, all the better!